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80 SECTION E • Educational Institutions • BG 2018 the analysis of virtually all elements and isotopes in rocks and water, including mass spectrometers, plasma and solid- source spectrometers, electron microprobes, scanning elec- tron microscopes and X-ray diffraction. Contact: Office of the Director, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964. Degrees offered: M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D. in geological sci- ences. Long Island University C.W. Post Campus Brookville, N.Y. Environmental studies at the C.W. Post Campus of Long Island University are offered at the graduate level on a multidisciplinary basis that allows candidates to specialize in either environmental science or environmental manage- ment. The program puts at the students' disposal the facul- ties, facilities and research capacities of the departments of biology, Earth and environmental science, health care and public administration, computer science and manage- ment engineering, philosophy, chemistry and economics. The environmental science concentration provides op- portunities for specialization in ecology, marine studies, geographic information systems, hydrology and geological environmental studies. The environmental management concentration provides opportunities for specialization in regional planning, environmental politics, urban environ- mental studies and planning and land-use studies. Other specialized concentrations in environmental studies may be pursued. Contact: Dr. Lillian Hess Tanguay, Director of Environmental Studies, Long Island University, C.W. Post Campus, 720 Northern Blvd., Brookville, NY 11548; 516- 299-2427;; Queens College, School of Earth And Environmental Sciences Flushing, N.Y. The department offers a program leading to an M.A. degree in geology, with specialties in climatology/oceanography, geomorphology and quaternary studies, environmental ge- ology and geochemistry, igneous and metamorphic petrol- ogy, paleontology/palynology, sedimentation and sedimen- tary petrology. Regional tectonic and sedimentary studies include the North Atlantic, the northern Appalachians, the Caribbean, South America and Europe. Full facilities for specimen preparation are available, as are facilities for X- ray diffraction and fluorescence, electron transmission and scanning electron microscopy, graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy and high-pressure studies. Field studies are carried out under the guidance of the faculty. The School of Earth and Environmental Sciences is as- sociated with the City University of New York (CUNY) Oceanography Program and shares a research vessel and modern oceanographic instruments with other depart- ments. The school faculty participates in the CUNY Ph.D. program in Earth and environmental sciences. Cooperative research projects exist with the American Museum of Natu- ral History, the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and the Smithsonian Institution. Contact: Dr. Allan Ludman, Chair, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Queens Col- lege, 65-30 Kissena Blvd., Flushing, NY 11367-1597; geol Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, N.Y. Degrees in environmental engineering are offered at the B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. levels. The major focus of this research and educational program at the oldest engineering school in the country is on fundamentals in the physical, chemical and life sciences, coupled with engineering principles to design solutions to environmental problems. Emphasis is on the importance of investigating the potential for inter- media transport of contaminants. Course offerings include atmospheric pollution, hydrol- ogy and hydraulics, environmental chemodynamics, bio- logical processes and physiochemical processes in system design—a laboratory sequence utilizing unit operations and unit processes for liquid, solid and gaseous contami- nant removal and/or destruction—and a senior capstone design course. Graduate research encompasses physiochemical and biological studies on contaminant destruction and math- ematical modeling of natural and engineered systems. Studies include chemical destruction of sediment contami- nants, commercial-scale sediment decontamination inves- tigations in the New York/New Jersey Harbor and math- ematical modeling of sediment dynamics in the Hudson River estuary, among others. Lab facilities include a full complement of clinical ana- lytical capabilities, besides those at Rensselaer's Keck Wa- ter Quality Lab. A facility dedicated to the measurement of environmental colloids and particles is also available. Contact: Frank Spear, Department Chair, Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, RPI, Jonsson-Rowland Science Center, 1W19, 110 8th St., Troy, NY 12180; ees@ courses in the departments of physics, biology, chemistry and in the School of Engineering. Major facilities available in- clude the largest collection of deep-sea cores in the world at the university's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory [See sepa- rate listing]. Facilities are available for research in physical, chemical, geophysical, acoustical and biological oceanog- raphy; solid-earth geophysics; geochemistry; seismology; ter- restrial and marine geology; paleontology; plant ecophysiol- ogy; atmospheric sciences; climate studies and meteorology; and environmental science. Oceanographic work is carried out on the observatory's research vessel, Marcus G. Langseth. Contact: Chair, Department of Earth and Environmental Sci- ences, Columbia University, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observa- tory, Box 1000, L-DEO, Palisades, NY 10964; 845-365-8550; fax: 845-365-8163; Degrees offered: M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D. in Earth and envi- ronmental sciences. Cornell University Ithaca, N.Y. Students may utilize the resources of the colleges of agricul- ture, engineering and veterinary medicine in constructing a marine curriculum suitable to individual interests. Facilities include modern research laboratories; several vessels, in- cluding the custom-designed research vessels J.M. Kingsbury and J.B. Heiser; computer resources; and a large library sys- tem. Offshore facilities are located at the Shoals Marine Lab- oratory in the Gulf of Maine. Additional facilities are avail- able through cooperative arrangements with the Tunison Fish Nutrition Laboratory of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Cortland, New York. Cornell has been designated a Sea Grant institution for New York. Courses in the marine sciences are offered through the departments of ecology and evolution- ary biology, geological sciences, natural resources, civil and environmental engineering, mechanical engineering and others. The New York State College of Veterinary Medicine has a program in the diseases of fish, shellfish, oyster larvae and waterfowl. An intercollege program in aquaculture is administered through the Department of Natural Resources. Intensive summer field courses for undergraduates and the interested lay public are offered at the Shoals Marine Labora- tory. Contact: Shoals Marine Laboratory, G-14 Stimson Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-7101; shoals-lab@cor; Kingsborough Community College Brooklyn, N.Y. Students earn an associate's in applied science degree in ma- rine technology. The curriculum focuses on vessel operations, preparing students for entry-level positions in the commercial and recreational boating industry, with career opportunities for skilled, hard-working individuals aboard ferries, commer- cial fishing vessels, dinner boats and other work boats. In addition, there are employment opportunities in vessel sales and marina operations. Courses in vessel operations include seamanship, navigation, diesel technology, introduction to computers, auxiliary systems, vessel maintenance, electrical systems, marine electronics, outboard and inboard engines and marina operations. Also, college courses in the depart- ments of English, behavioral sciences, physical and biologi- cal sciences and other areas are studied. Vessel operations students receive interdisciplinary educational experiences on related marine and aquatic topics and can be involved in re- search projects. The vessel operations program is U.S. Coast Guard-approved. A portion of the shipboard time accrued by the graduates and the courses are applicable for licensure up to Master Not More Than 200 Gross Tons. Contact: Prof. Anthony DiLernia, Director, Office of Marine Education, Kingsborough Community College, 2001 Oriental Blvd., Brooklyn, NY 11235; 718-368-5525; fax: 718-368-5573; Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Columbia University Palisades, N.Y. (See Columbia University listing) The observatory is located 15 miles north of New York City. It grew out of Columbia Uni- versity's Department of Geological Sciences (now named the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences) and has always maintained a strong bond with the department. The faculty are members of Lamont's senior research staff, and most of the department's graduate students conduct research there. Scientific inquiry ranges from the origin and history of the planet to the processes taking place in and on it. In- terdisciplinary research includes oceanography, seismology, marine geology and geophysics, petrology, geochemistry, cli- mate studies and atmospheric science. Lamont scientists operate the world-ranging, 235-foot re- search vessel Marcus G. Langseth. The ship collects gravity, magnetics and multichannel seismic data and takes dredged rock samples, sediment cores and water samples for physical oceanography and marine biology. The observatory houses the world's largest collection of deep-sea and ocean sedi- ment cores. It collects wireline logging data for all Ocean Drilling Program expeditions. The observatory also operates seismic networks, deploys portable seismometers and has amassed some of the world's most comprehensive databases in seismology and marine geosciences. Facilities include a high-pressure and tempera- ture experiment apparatus; laboratories for rock mechanics, paleomagnetics and tree-ring analysis; and an electronics shop and instrument laboratory. Other instruments allow for Rutgers University Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences New Brunswick, N.J. The Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences (IMCS) was cre- ated in 1989 and incorporates the center for Coastal and En- vironmental Studies, the Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Extension Center and the Division of Water Resources. Pro- grams of study and research lead to a B.S. in marine sciences and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in oceanography. They include these related disciplines: ecology, environmental sciences, geography, geological sciences, meteorology, physiology and neurobiology, plant biology and toxicology. An undergradu- ate minor is also available. Research opportunities include a broad range of marine and coastal topics: applied genetics and evolution, bio- geochemistry, bottom boundary-layer studies, coastal pro- cesses, community ecology, ecosystem-level studies, larval transport and recruitment, marine genetics, nutrient cycling, ocean modeling, physical oceanography, population biology, remote-sensing systematics and fish biology. Graduate assis- tantships, postdoctoral fellowships and summer fellowships for advanced undergraduates are available. Facilities include a state-of-the-art research building fea- turing seawater, marine molecular biology, remote sens- ing, ocean modeling and cartography laboratories. IMCS resources include a satellite receiving station, a network of small-to-large computer platforms and three field stations. The Marine Field Station, at the entrance of Little Egg Inlet and Great Bay, features an extensive program of long-term oceanographic and ecosystem research with observatories on the continental shelf, slope and rise in conjunction with the New York Bight National Undersea Research Center. Other field stations are the Haskin Shellfish Research Laboratory on the Delaware Bay and the Pinelands Research Station in the Lebanon State Forest. Contact: Mary Margaret Halsey, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Rd., New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8521; 732-932- 6555; Stevens Institute of Technology Hoboken, N.J. The Davidson Laboratory at Stevens Institute of Technology is the focal point of graduate programs in oceanographic en- gineering and naval architecture. These programs are offered through the Department of Civil, Environmental and Coastal Engineering. Extensive course offerings at both the master's and doctoral levels include instruction in coastal engineer- ing, physical oceanography, computational fluid dynamics and water quality engineering. Students participate in the experimental research activities of the Davidson Laboratory, an international leader since 1935 in marine hydrodynamics and marine craft development and testing. Facilities include a 96-meter wave/towing tank, a 23-square-meter wave basin, two 10-meter coastal research vessels, a machine-model making shop, a photography shop and extensive dedicated and networked computer facilities. Through Stevens' participation in the New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium, oceanographic research vessels and experienced crews based at Sandy Hook are readily avail- able. Contact: Dr. Alan F. Blumberg, Director, Center for Maritime Systems, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ 07030. Degrees offered: Ph.D. in civil engineering with concentra- tion in coastal or ocean engineering and M.E. NEW YORK Alfred University Alfred, N.Y. Several undergraduate programs are offered in disciplines relevant to aquatic science. Alfred has a number of small research vessels. Many of its aquatic activities are con- ducted on nearby Keuka Lake, New York. Instruction and research opportunities are offered in aquatic ecology, hy- drology, geology and environmental studies. Courses are given throughout the year. Contact: Dr. Gordon L. Godshalk, Alfred University, Environmental Studies Program, Alfred, NY 14802. Degree Offered: B.A. Brooklyn College of the City University of New York Brooklyn, N.Y. Research facilities are available for studies in sedimenta- tion and sedimentary petrology. No degrees are offered in marine science per se, but courses in geochemistry, geo- physics, sedimentology and ecology are available in the Department of Geology. Contact: Department of Geology, Brooklyn College, CUNY, 2900 Bedford Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11210-2889. Degrees offered: B.S., M.S., Ph.D. in related fields. Columbia University New York, N.Y. Graduate students in marine sciences normally enroll in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences. There is no separate department of oceanography. Students also take

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