Sea Tech Buyers Guide


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Page 10 of 115 SECTION A • The Ocean/Marine Market • BG 2018 11 the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Manage- ment Act (MSA). While early indications were that the Obama marine monument designations were going to stand, many com- mercial fishermen were optimistic that the new administra- tion may be opening some of those areas to limited fishing activities currently banned. On the budget front, Congress has been slow to embrace the Trump Administration's proposed cuts to NOAA funding. In August, the Senate Commerce, Justice, and Science Ap- propriations Subcommittee agreed to an $85.1 million cut to NOAA's budget—substantial, but much less than the nearly $900 million in cuts requested by Trump. The committee voted to fully fund NOAA operations in- cluding ocean monitoring, fisheries management, coastal grants to states, aquaculture research and severe weather forecasting, while also providing full funding for NOAA's flagship weather satellites and their planned successors. The Senate bill rejects the Trump proposal to eliminate NOAA programs including Sea Grant, the National Estua- rine Research Reserve System (NERRS), Coastal Zone Man- agement (CZM) grants, and the Regional Coastal Resilience Grant (RCRG) program. The bill also provides $75 million to begin building a new NOAA survey vessel. At the first of a series of hearings on the Magnuson-Ste- vens Act held in early August, senators from both sides of the aisle voiced support for the regional management council system, NOAA Fisheries and the science that supports fisher- ies management. In that hearing, Chris Oliver, assistant administrator for NOAA Fisheries, and Dr. John Quinn, chair of the New Eng- land Fisheries Management Council, both lauded the suc- cesses brought about by the original 1976 law and the sub- sequent amendments to it, most recently in 2007. "The outcome of our management success is clear: com- mercial, recreational and subsistence fisheries are key con- tributors to our coastal communities and the nation's econ- omy," Quinn testified. "In large measure, this is because the Act (MSA) structured a very successful approach to sustain- able fisheries management. Central to the Act are the 10 Na- tional Standards that guide our management process." "Under the standards set in the Magnuson-Stevens Act the nation has made great strides in maintaining more stocks at biologically sustainable levels, ending overfishing, re- building overfished stocks, building a sustainable future for our fishing-dependent communities, and providing more domestic options for U.S. seafood consumers in a market dominated by imports," Oliver added. "I've heard from constituents across the country, listened to the dialog about issues with the Act, and I've come to percent, cut from the 2017 annualized CR level. The bud- get discontinues funding for the Clean Power Plan, inter- national climate change programs, climate change research and partnership programs, and related efforts; a decrease of about $100 million compared to 2017 annualized CR levels. The Hazardous Substance Superfund Account would be funded at $762 million, $330 million below the 2017 annualized CR level. The agency would prioritize the use of existing settlement funds to clean up hazardous waste sites and look for ways to remove some of the barriers that have delayed the program's ability to return sites to the communi- ty. EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD) would get approximately $250 million; $233 million less than the 2017 annualized CR level. ORD would prioritize activities that support decision making related to core environmental statutory requirements. Categorical grants would be given $597 million, a $482 million reduction below 2017 annual- ized CR levels. This funding level eliminates or substantially reduces federal investment in state environmental activities that go beyond EPA's statutory requirements. Funding would be eliminated for specific regional ef- forts, such as the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, the Chesapeake Bay and other geographic programs. These geographic program eliminations are $427 million lower than the 2017 annualized CR levels. The budget returns the responsibility for funding local environmental efforts and programs to state and local entities. More than 50 EPA programs would be eliminated; an ad- ditional $347 million cut compared to the 2017 annualized CR level. Lower priority and poorly performing programs and grants are not funded, nor are duplicative functions that can be absorbed into other programs or that are state and local responsibilities, the budget outline states. MARAD MARAD is not included in the president's FY 2018 bud- get outline. ST Status of Fisheries and Aquaculture A s the first year of a new administration in Washington was drawing to a close, U.S. commercial fishermen were: awaiting the results of a President Donald Trump- ordered review of controversial marine monument desig- nations made under the Obama Administration; carefully eyeing ongoing efforts by the Trump Administration to im- pose significant budgetary cuts to NOAA, specially affect- ing fisheries oversight; and beginning to make their voices heard in the early stages of anticipated reauthorization of "Trump's budget proposal for NOAA zeroes out more than $250 million in targeted NOAA grants and programs supporting coastal and marine management, research and education, including Sea Grant"

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